Proposing a New Method for Transportation Planning Considering Traffic Congestion

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.


Traffic congestion is one of the issues in transportation planning which imposes environmental consequences and costs. Therefore, decision-makers and policymakers should focus on appropriate transportation planning models. One of the approaches to relieve traffic congestion is imposing tolls on the users. In the present paper, attempts are made to present three transportation planning and traffic congestion management models. The first model assumes that the transportation network and the traffic flows within it are determined. Decision-maker seeks to adjust the transportation network flows so that traffic congestion can be prevented. In the second model, unlike the first one, attempts are made to design urban transportation networks via the development of routes. The third model is a mixture of the first and second models. All models proposed here are bi-objective which were addressed under uncertain conditions and disturbances. According to the results, a decision-making model was extended to rank routes. In the end, a numerical example is considered for analyzing and evaluating the proposed models. The results of the numerical example showed that the first model is the most inefficient and the third model is the most efficient. Since the proposed model can be implemented in road networks in addition to urban transportation networks, the application of the proposed models is demonstrated based on a real-world case study. The case study results showed that the efficiency of road network depends on the time interval.


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